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Passive voice adalah kalimat di mana subjek tidak melakukan pekerjaan atau tindakan melainkan dikenai tindakan.

Ciri umum Passive Voice:

  1. Kata kerjanya jika diterjemahkan: di/ter…
  2. Subjeknya biasanya benda (non-person), dan umumnya dikenai pekerjaan atau aktivitas. Orang juga bisa menjadi subjek dalam kalimat pasif, hanya saja jarang digunakan
  3. Setelah pola passive voice biasanya terdapat by + agent (tidak mutlak harus ada/bisa hilang)

Rumus Dasar

Kalimat aktif: S + V + O

Kalimat pasif: S + to be + VIII (by + O)

Contoh

Aktif        : Koko kicks the ball.

Pasif       : The ball is kicked by Koko (him).

PASSIVE VOICE WITH TENSES

  • Jika berbentuk Simple Present atau ada keterangan waktu (time signal) berupa: always, usually, often, sometimes, regularly, etc.
Subject + is/am/are + verb 3
  • Jika berbentuk Simple Past atau ada keterangan waktu (time signal): yesterday, (time) ago, last (time), in/on + past time, once, etc.
Subject + was/were + verb 3
  • Jika berbentuk Present Continuous atau jika ada keterangan waktu (time signal): now, at this time, at this/the moment, right now, “imperative” (kata perintah/ larangan), etc.
Subject + is/am/are + being + verb 3
  • Jika berbentuk Past Continuous atau jika ada keterangan waktu (time signal): when + Simple Past, at (specific time) + yesterday/ago/last…, etc.
Subject + was/were + being + verb 3
  • Jika berbentuk Present Perfect atau jika ada keterangan waktu (time signal): for (selama) + time, since (sejak) + time, etc.
Subject + have/has + been + verb 3
  • Jika berbentuk Past Perfect atau jika ada keterangan waktu (time signal): before/ by the time/ by the end of + Simple Past; after, etc.
Subject + had + been + verb 3
  • Jika berbentuk Simple Future/Past Future atau jika menggunakan modal auxiliary:
Subject + will/would/may + be + verb 3
  • Dalam bentuk Future Perfect/Past Future Perfect (Perfective Modals)
Subject + modal + have + been + verb 3

 Contoh Kalimat : Some robbers steal my new car (Active Voice)

  1. Simple Present Passive
  2. My new car is stolen by some robbers.
  3. Present Continuous Passive
  4. My new car is being stolen by some robbers.
  5. Present Perfect Passive
  6. My new car has/have been stolen by some robbers.
  7. Simple Past Passive
  8. My new car was/were stolen by some robbers.
  9. Past Continuous Passive
  10. My new car was being stolen by some robbers.
  11. Simple Future/Past Future Passive
  12. My new car will (would) be stolen by some robbers.
  13. Modal Auxiliary Passive
  14. My new car can (must/may) be stolen by some robbers.