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Derivative adalah pembentukan kata dengan menggunakan awalan (prefix) atau akhiran (suffix).

Jenis-jenis derivative:

ADJECTIVE FORMING

Asli               : Nice, Big, Great, Complete, etc.

Bentukan (Derivation)

  • able/ible     : reasonable, incredible
  • al                 : mortal, partial
  • ern               : northern, southern
  • ful                : beautiful, colorful
  • ic                 : bionic, economic
  • ous             : dangerous, fabulous
  • ive               : creative, innovative
  • ish              : childish, reddish, greyish
  • less             : careless, helpless
  • ant              : distant, significant
  • ent              : diligent, confident, evident
  • noun+ly      : friendly, womanly, lovely
  • ing               : interesting,amazing
  • ed               : interested, amazed, bored

Letak Adjective

  • Sebelum Noun

E.g.: dangerous area

  • Setelah Linking Verbs/Main Verb “be”

Note: “be” (is, am, are, was, were, been)

Taste                    Sound                    Remain

Look                     Feel                       Stay

Seem                   Turn                       Grow

Appear                Become                 Smell, etc.

E.g.: She is tired, and looks pale.

NOUN FORMING

Asli               : Book, System, Design, etc.

Bentukan (Derivation)

  • ion              : relation, discussion
  • ment          : statement, government
  • ness            : darkness, happiness
  • ity               : reality, activity, quality
  • ence/ance  : difference, importance
  • hood           : childhood, manhood
  • ship             : partnership, leadership
  • dom            : wisdom, kingdom, freedom
  • ht/th           : height, weight, length
  • ogy              : biology, terminology
  • age             : courage, linkage

Letak Noun

  • Sebagai Subjek dan Objek dalam kalimat

E.g.: he shows his wisdom in this case.

  • Sebagai inti kata dalam Noun Phrase

E.g.: a useful discussion

E.g.: Jack is 5’6” in height.

ADVERB FORMING

Asli               : Fast, Hard, Long, High, Well

Adjective + ly = Adverb  

Bentukan      :

Seperti:  Beautiful + ly = beautifully

               Great + ly = greatly

Letak adverb

  • Setelah/sebelum verb

E.g.: He carefully moved the table.

        Indah sings beautifully in the concert.

  • Sebelum adjective/adverb

E.g.: extremely careless

  • Tidak boleh sebelum NOUN

E.g.: I love the beautifully girl (salah)

       I love the beautiful girl (benar)

VERB FORMING

Asli               : Go, Walk, Sing, etc.

Bentukan (Derivation)

  • ify               : identify, clarify, beautify
  • en              : lengthen, widen, fasten
  • (i)ze           : nationalize, analyze
  • en-             : endanger, enlarge

Letak Verb

  • Pada pola S + P

E.g.: Please, take your seat and fasten your seat belt.

  • Setelah Modals

E.g.: We will analyze the research together.

Playlist Materi Bahasa Inggris (APRESIA English Channel YouTube)

  1. Kupas Tuntas Tenses
  2. Cara Cepat Menguasai Jenis Kata dalam Bahasa Inggris
  3. Menguasai Clause dalam Waktu Singkat